24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378
+86 157-0009-4881
Email:

Your Location: Home > Shanghai Attractions > Sheshan Basilica

Sheshan Basilica

Sheshan_Basilica_1.jpg

Introdution
The Sheshan Basilica, officially the National Shrine and Minor Basilica of Our Lady of Sheshan and also known as Basilica of Mary, Help of Christians is a prominent Roman Catholic church in Shanghai, China. Its common name comes from its location on the western peak of Sheshan Hill, located in Songjiang District, to the west of Shanghai's metropolitan area.

It was previously romanized as Zosé Basilica, using the Shanghainese pronunciation of 佘山 (Sheshan). Inside the shrine, the Blessed Virgin Mary under the title of Mary Help of Christians is venerated as the patroness of the basilica, along with the recently reconstructed icon of Our Mother of Sheshan, both venerated by Chinese Catholics.

History
The first church on Sheshan hill was built in 1863. During the Taiping Rebellion, Jesuit missionaries bought a plot of land on the southern slopes of the hill. A derelict Buddhist monastery had stood on the site. The remaining buildings were demolished, and a small building was constructed as living quarters for missionaries, and a small chapel. At the peak of the hill (where the Maitreya hall had stood), a small pavilion was built in which was placed a statue of the Madonna.

In June 1870, unrest in Tianjin led to the burning of churches there. The Shanghai Jesuits prayed at the statue of the Madonna and pledged to build a church to her honour in return for her protection. Subsequently, construction of the church began. Wood was shipped in from Shanghai, and stone bought from Fujian. All material had to be ported to the peak by hand. The church was completed two years later. This first church was in the form of a cross, and incorporated features of both Chinese and Western architecture. A veranda was placed outside the door, with ten columns. Eight stone lions were placed before the church. In 1894, several ancillary buildings were added. These included a chapel halfway down the hill, a shrine to the Sacred Heart, the Virgin Mary, and St. Joseph. Fourteen Stations of the Cross were constructed along the path to the church.

In 1925, the existing church was found to be inadequate, and it lagged far behind other churches in Shanghai in terms of size and ornamentation. The church was demolished and rebuilt. Because the Portuguese priest and architect Ye Zhaochang (叶肇昌) was very stringent about the quality of construction, the whole project took ten years to finish, and the church was completed in 1935.

In 1942, Pope Pius XII ordained the Sheshan Cathedral a minor Basilica. In 1946, the Holy See crowned the statue of Our Lady of Zosé at the apex of the tower.

During the Cultural Revolution, Sheshan Cathedral was severely damaged. The stained glass windows of the church, carvings along the Via Dolorosa, the statue atop the bell tower, and various other works of iconography were destroyed.

In the 1950s, Ignatius Kung Pin-Mei the Roman Catholic bishop of Shanghai was arrested and imprisoned for over 30 years and the Chinese government put the basilica under the control of the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association and Chinese bishops not recognized by the Vatican, and condemned by the papal encyclical Ad Apostolorum principis.

After the end of the Cultural Revolution in 1976, the damage was gradually repaired. The statue was initially replaced with a simple iron cross, and a replacement statue was installed in 2000.

On May 24, 2008 Pope Benedict XVI announced that he had composed a special prayer for Our Lady of Sheshan.

Function & Layout
The church occupies an area of 1 hectare and is about 70 feet (20 m) tall. It is a rectangular Latin cross in shape, and in classical basilica form. Entrances are placed in the north, west, and south. The main door is in the south-west. The nave is 55.81 m long, 24.68 m wide. The ceiling is 16.46 m high, and the church can seat 3000. The altar is placed at the eastern end, and is built of marble with gold trim and in-laid jade. The exterior is mainly granite, and part of the roof is covered in Chinese-style color-glazed tiles.

The bell tower stands on the south-east corner. It is 38 m tall. At the top of its bell tower stands a 4.8m bronze Madonna and Child statue .

Sheshan_Basilica_2.jpgSheshan_Basilica_3.jpg

Pilgrimage
In 1874, Pope Pius IX declared that pilgrims who went to She Shan in May (traditionally a Marian month) would receive a Plenary Indulgence. As a result, pilgrims from all over China began to congregate at She Shan in May, a practice that continues to this day.

Every May, the church becomes the destination for pilgrims who travel far and wide to make their annual pilgrimage at She Shan, praying the Way of the Cross, the Rosary and attending Mass at this holy site. Traditionally, many of the Catholics in the area were fishermen, who would make the pilgrimage by boat. This tradition continues among local Catholics, with the result that the creeks around She Shan are often crowded with boats in May.

Questions & Answers or Review
* Full Name
* E-mail
* Title of your review
* Your review
 

The following Shanghai Private Tours may also interest you!

Shanghai 1 Day Tour: Incredible Shanghai Highlights

Duration:6 - 8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Yuyuan Garden, The Bund, Nanjing Road, Jade Buddha Temple, Old French Concession

Tour Style:Incredible Shanghai Highlights Day Tour is a fully guided tour for those who have just one day to see the best of Shanghai. Make the most of your time with your knowledgeable Shanghai Private Tour guide, see all top Shanghai attractions. With complete flexibility, follow this itinerary or create your own for a unique Shanghai experience. You'll get an insight into the city's culture, history, local lifestyle and future.

View Details
From $50 p/p
Private Full-Day Tour: Shanghai Old and New Highlights

Duration:6 - 8 Hours

Attractions(Cities):Yuyuan Garden & Bazaar, Jade Buddha Temple, Former French Concession, Boat cruise on the Huangpu River, Pudong New Area(Shanghai Oriental TV Tower, OPTIONAL)

Tour Style:If you only have one day in Shanghai, we highly recommend this one day tour in shanghai. This fully customizable tour particularly designed for first-time travelers to Shanghai touring traditional gardens, bustling shopping streets, historic buildings, and even to the top of a skyscraper with your knowledgeable guide. It will let you get an insight into its people, culture, history and the dynamic urban life.

View Details
From $70 p/p
Private Evening Tour: Huangpu River Cruise and Shanghai Lights

Duration:4-5 hours

Attractions(Cities):The Bund, Boat Cruise on Huangpu River, Yuyuan Bazaar, Xintiandi

Tour Style:A Huangpu River Cruise has become a must activity when travelers visit Shanghai. Book this private city tour visiting the Bund in the night which represents the blending of ancient and modern influences, taking the Huangpu River Cruise to enjoy the stunning light view and the amazing architecture of the city. It's the best way to admire Shanghai's classic skyline view.

View Details
From $60 p/p
Shanghai in Your Way: Customizable Half Day Shanghai City Tour

Duration:4 - 5 hours

Attractions(Cities):Pick two or three attractions as you are interested

Tour Style:Want to see the top sights in Shanghai with a professional private tour guide? Then go on this half day Shanghai city tour that puts the power in your hands to decide what attractions you visit. Avoid lengthy itineraries of places that don't interest you. You can customized the tour entirely on your preferences and discuss with your guide for advice. Flexible on the start and finish time.

View Details
From $45 p/p
Suzhou Classic Day Trip From Shanghai by Bullet Train

Duration:9-10 hours

Attractions(Cities):Lingering Garden, Panmen Gate, Hanshan Temple, Pingjiang Historic Street, Suzhou No.1 Silk Factory

Tour Style:Book this Shanghai to Suzhou Day Trip riding on a bullet less than 30 minutes, accompanied by your private guide, visit the winding canals, historical buildings, ancient street, classic Chinese gardens and much more on this private customized day tour to Suzhou. We will book the entrance tickets in advance to escape the crowds, let you jump the queue to make your trip comfortable and enjoyable.

View Details
From $90 p/p

Live Chat

Certificate of Excellence
2012~2020

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Your Idea of Your Trip
Adults:
(> 11 years old)
Children:
(2 - 11 years old)
Babies:
(< 2 years old)
Date of trip
Hotel Class
Any specific requests/interests?
Contact Information

(Your Privacy is Protected)

Full Name: *
E-mail: *
Your Age: *
Nationality: *
Contact Phone Number: *
Submit

Tailor-Made

1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated

Authentic

Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price

Value Guarantee

Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants

Stress-free Guaranteed

7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured

Who choose us

TripAdvisor
ASTA Pata CATS IATA

We accept:

We accept

Email:

Copyright © 2017 Tripstoshanghai.com All rights reserved.   Sitemap   浙ICP备18056007号