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Mudu

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Introduction to Mudu Old Water Town
Mudu, an ancient landscape water town south of the Yangtze River, is located to the southwest of the Suzhou City. Surrounded by groups of hills and next to Taihu Lake, Mudu has beautiful natural scenery and abundant natural resources. Mudu is a traditional town and has typical landscape gardens, small rivers and bridges. Unlike the prosperous eastern cities in China, Mudu displays a simple, peaceful image.Here profound historical and cultural details attract everyone, the 'top 10 attractions' was preferred very much by Emperor Kang Xi (Qing Dynasty). 

History of Mudu Old Water Town
With a history more than 2,500 years long, Mudu has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties and it is also endowed with plentiful cultural connotations. The name 'Mudu' is derived from a story about Xishi, one of the Four Beauties in Chinese history. It is said in the Spring and Autumn Period (773BC-476BC), Fuchai, the king of Wu, obliged workers to build a Guanwa Palace in order to please the Beauty Xishi. Then, considerable wood was carried here so that the river in this area was blocked. This was called 'jimusedu' (which means the accumulated wood blocks the river). So, the town was named 'Mudu'. Early in the Three Kingdom Period (220-280), Mudu had been a crucial town in China both economically and militarily. During the coming Song(960-1279), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) periods, it still held an important position in Chinese culture and commerce. In the past thousands of years, Mudu has produced many outstanding scholars and wealthy businessmen. Some of their former residences have now become popular sights.

Main attractions and interesting things: of Xitang Old water town

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Gardens and Mansions: Mudu Ancient Town enjoys a good reputation as a town with gardens. Main places being visited at the town are the Yan Family Garden, this garden has become the leading landscape garden in Suzhou. The Bangyan Mansion (Banyan means people who win the second place in the imperial exam). All in all this garden has a poetic feeling. Hongyinshanfang, and Gusong Garden.

Old streets and bridges: Today tourist may still find the remaining attractions charming and worth to see, the top one include: the Leaning Bridge Dividing the Rivers (Xieqiao Fenshui), the Sunset at Rainbow Bridge (Hongqiao Wanzhao), the Resting Wild Goose at Riverbank (Xiasha Luoyan), the Lights on Fishing Boats at Jiangtang Pond (Jiangtang Yuhuo), the Overlook of the Moon at Xijin (Xijin Wangyue), the Curfew at the Intelligent Rock (Lingyan Wanzhong) and the Snow on Nanshan (Nanshan Qingxue).

Old trees: 
Ancient tree is called the living fossil, the 500 years old podocarpus, 200 years old maidenhair tree and other pines and old trees in Mudu town witnessed the development of the country and are still full of live. 

Taking boats: Boating becomes a must during the visit at the water towns, taking a boat at Mudu town only costs RMB10 yuan, the boatwomen may sing folk songs for you. Exploring the peaceful town by boat is one of the most interesting things to do here.

Food and snacks: The Suzhou Cuisine is one the great four cuisines in China, don't forget to try the food and snacks during the visit at Mudu, the cherry pulp was once served to the emperors, the prawn meat with scallop, crabs, many dishes are worth to try.

Famous person: Mudu is a cradle for eminent person. Over 20 people had been selected successful as candidate in the highest imperial examinations and over 27 people had become successful candidates in the imperial examinations at the provincial level in ancient time, including the famous Fan zhongyan, Feng guifeng, etc. 

Summary
The ancient landscape gardens endow Mudu with traditional culture and the natural beauty of the area enriches Mudu in its outlook. Mudu, as an ancient town south of Yangtze River, awaits visitors.Mudu has many characteristics of the southern tradition, You go there to play, may also encounter a local festival, it can be a feast for the eyes.

Information
Opening Time: 08:00-16:30 (November - March) and 08:00-17:00 (April - October)
Admission Fee: CNY 60 (Yanjia Garden, Hongyinshanfang, Bangyan Mansion, Gusong Garden)
CNY 25 Yanjia Garden (only)
CNY 25 Hongyinshanfang (only)
CNY 15 Gusong Garden(only)
CNY 10 Bangyan Mansion (only)

Transportation
Bus Routes: Take tourism bus line 4 or No. 502, 38 and get off at Yan Family Garden (Yanjia Huayuan in Chinese, 严家花园). Other bus available for a visit to Mudu Ancient Town include: 7, 34, 54, 64, 70, 161, 204, 304, 311, 406, 415, 501, 522.
Address:The Mudu Ancient Town is located 15 kilometer west to the Suzhou city.

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